Yearly Archives: 2020
Scientists have discovered a new treatment to dramatically reduce swelling after brain and spinal cord injuries, offering hope to 75 million victims worldwide each year.
The breakthrough in treating such injuries – referred to as central nervous system (CNS) edema – is thought to be hugely significant because current options are limited to putting patients in an induced coma or performing risky surgery.
Spinal cord injuries can have lasting and devastating effects on mobility and cognitive function due to permanent nerve cell damage or death. A new study from researchers at Temple University now shows how neuronal connections can be regenerated after such injuries.
Neurons contain structural appendages called axons which form connections with each other throughout the brain and greater parts of the body. These axons form an interconnected communication system that regulates sensory and motor functions; injury to axons can result in their breakage, leading to irreversible damage.
Two top scientists at the University of Virginia School of Medicine are seeking answers to questions about spinal cord injuries that have long frustrated the development of effective treatments.
The scientists, Jonathan Kipnis, PhD, and Kodi Ravichandran, PhD, are teaming up to understand why critical nerve cells called neurons continue to die after spinal cord injuries. So little is known that doctors aren’t even certain if the body’s immune response is beneficial or harmful.
Robotic exoskeletons have emerged as a helpful rehabilitation tool for disabled and people suffering from several health-related consequences after a spinal cord injury (SCI).
Exoskeletons are wearable robotic units, controlled by computer boards to power a system of motors, pneumatics, levers, or hydraulics to restore locomotion and improve quality of life. Used by facilities for rehabilitation purposes in medical centers or home use, Exoskeletons have the potential to revolutionize rehabilitation following SCI.
Booklet provides information, hope for patients and families.
The Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation, in collaboration with Shepherd Center, recently published “Restoring Hope: Preparing for Rehabilitation After Spinal Cord Injury.” The booklet aims to help patients and families learn about spinal cord injury, organize information, chart a path and choose a rehabilitation program.
Mayo Clinic – ROCHESTER, Minn. — People with conditions such as spinal cord injury, Lou Gehrig’s disease and multiple sclerosis are at risk of developing severe respiratory problems related to COVID-19 because the muscles that help them breathe already may not function normally.
“When you have a condition that causes paralysis, or weakens muscles in the chest, abdomen or diaphragm, you may not be able to remove lung secretions by coughing,” says Kristin Garlanger, D.O., a Mayo Clinic physiatrist. “You may have difficulty inhaling and filling the lungs with oxygen that is carried to the rest of the body.
A new invention turns the tongue into a digital operating system, and can change the lives of millions of people with disabilities around the world.
Farzana Ali learned many important skills throughout her four years as a medical student in the Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences. But to the many people who came in contact with her along the way, it was she who was teaching valuable lessons — in patience and perseverance.
A QUADRIPLEGIC man has cycled 250 miles across Kenya using a motorised quad bike — that he steered by using his chin.
Inspirational Andy Walker MBE, who was paralysed in a diving accident in 2006, took on the monstrous trek through Rift Valley to Lake Victoria as part of a charity cycle challenge.
In experiments on rats with spinal cord injuries, the rodents improved their walking ability following treatment.
Researchers have demonstrated a novel method that might regrow nerve cells at the site of spinal injuries.