The Model Spinal Cord Injury System program, sponsored by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR), Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Dept of Education, provides assistance to establish innovative projects for the delivery , demonstration, and evaluation of comprehensive medical, vocational, and other rehabilitation services to meet the needs of individuals with spinal cord injury.
Model System Centers across the United States work together to demonstrate improved care, maintain a national database, participate in independent and collaborative research and provide continuing education relating to spinal cord injury.
Your skin is much more than an outer surface for the world to see. It protects you from bacteria, dirt and other foreign objects and the ultraviolet rays of the sun, and contains the nerve endings that let you know if something is hot or cold, soft or hard, sharp or dull. Your skin also plays an important role in regulating your body’s fluids and temperature.
Below the smooth, hairy outer skin, or epidermis, that we see every day is a thick, strong and elastic layer of tissue known as the dermis. The dermis is richly supplied with blood vessels, sweat and oil glands, and nerve endings.
The bladder muscle, “detruser” and external sphincter are similarly affected. Early drainage occurs with indwelling (“foley”) Catheter. When urine volumes are equal to or less than 400 cc per 4 hr., the patient is converted to an Intermittent Catheterization program (ICP). Control fluid intake is closely monitored, especially at night (due to remobilization of fluid from the legs). Early catheter removal reduces the risk of infection (UTI) and allows for better fluid regulation and restriction if necessary. Early ICP reduces Foley Catheter related complications (erosion, stones, recurrent infections, colonization, resistant organisms).
When to apply:
You should apply as soon as you become disabled. If you apply for Social Security, Disability benefits will not begin until the sixth full month of disability. The Social Security disability waiting period begins with the first full month after the date we decide your disability began. Supplemental Security Income (SSI) disability benefits are paid for the first full month after the date you filed your claim, or, if later, the date you become eligible for SSI.
What is a urinary tract infection?
When bacteria get into your bladder or kidneys and cause you to have symptoms, you have a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). It is important to know the difference between an infection and bacteriuria (having bacteria in the urine but no symptoms).
Think you know the facts about spinal cord injuries? Here is some information that may surprise you.
Who Do Spinal Cord Injuries Affect in the United States?
- 250,000 Americans are spinal cord injured.
- 52% of spinal cord injured individuals are considered Paraplegic and 47% quadriplegic.
- Approximately 11,000 new injuries occur each year.
- 82% are male.
- 56% of injuries occur between the ages of 16 and 30.
- The average age of spinal cord injured person is 31.
- SCI injuries are most commonly caused by:
If the joints, muscles, ligaments, and tendons are not exercised they will contract/stiffen which will affect your body in many ways. To keep these parts loose Range of Motion exercises are used. These exercises should be performed in a smooth motion as quick motions may damage the joints. As the top of each range is reached the position should be held for a count of 10. Consult your Physical Therapist for range of motion exercises that will best meet your needs.
An experimental therapy that has shown promise for people with spinal cord injuries will soon be available in the metro area. The process, called activated macrophage, has previously only been performed in Israel. That’s where two young people from Colorado received it in an early test involving only 11 subjects. But Craig Hospital in Englewood is waiting for final approval from the Food and Drug Administration to bring activated macrophage to North America.
Despite a growing awareness of the association between automobile accidents and spinal cord injuries, a recent British study shows that nearly one in 10 such injuries is being missed in acute care settings.
Poonnoose and associates conducted a retrospective analysis of records for 569 patients who experienced neurologic deficits as a result of traumatic spinal cord injury. All were admitted to a specialized facility (directly from an emergency unit or from a referring hospital after acute care) for comprehensive management between April 1989 and April 1999. Most injuries were associated with traffic accidents or falls.
This study compared the short-term pressure-relieving ability of the three most commonly prescribed wheelchair cushions (Roho, Jay, Pindot) for a person with SCI. The number of pressure sensors registering at the buttock-cushion interface during wheelchair sitting was measured by the Xsensor Pressure Mapping System after 5 min of sitting. An alternating treatments research design, with an initial baseline and a final treatment phase ending with the most effective cushion for relieving pressure, was used for the clinical evaluation. Measurements were compared using visual inspection and a Wilcoxon signed ranks test.