Tuesday, August 20, 2019

Monthly Archives: October 2003

Cell transplants help reverse paralysis

Published: October 24, 2003

Patients are feeling a sensation of hope

Robert Smith, 46, of Harrison Township underwent a Chinese procedure to help him regain movement.

The first American spinal cord patient to undergo a fetal cell transplant procedure — a Harrison Township man paralyzed in a Lake St. Clair diving accident — is regaining some movement and sensation a month after the experimental operation in China.

CRAIG FRONT-RUNNER FOR STEM CELL WORK

Published: October 18, 2003

Craig Hospital in Englewood may become the first place in the world to transplant human stem cells into paralyzed patients in hopes of helping them regain mobility. The hospital is in a race with the University of Miami Hospital to pioneer the procedure, and could begin human trials as early as 2004.

Could this mean movie star Christopher Reeve and thousands of others now in wheelchairs will walk again some day?

Paralysed girl’s ‘miracle’ steps

Published: October 6, 2003

_39424266_gemma1_203A teenager who was paralysed from the neck down in a car accident has taken her first steps – despite being told she would never walk again.

Gemma Quinn, 19, from Woolton, Merseyside, suffered severe spinal injuries in a car accident 11 years ago.

She was told she would always be reliant on a Ventilator and a wheelchair.

Gemma said it felt “amazing” to be able to walk again.

New Driving Technology for People with SCI

Published: October 3, 2003

The UW Department of Rehabilitation Medicine recently acquired a new full-size van for its Driving Rehabilitation Program that is equipped with adaptive technology advanced enough to enable people with C5 spinal cord injuries to drive. “This new van is really cutting-edge. It’s only the second one ever built,” said Frances Tromp van Holst, Occupational Therapist at the University of Washington Medical Center and coordinator of the Driving Rehabilitation Program. “Ours is the only program in the WAMIO (Washington, Alaska, Montana, Idaho and Oregon) region with this technology. It allows me to train people I hadn’t been able to serve before—clients with C5 or weak C6 injuries.”

New Findings in Pressure Ulcer Prevention and Treatment

Published: October 3, 2003

Pressure ulcers are a common, debilitating, and costly complication of SCI, often requiring long periods of immobility, hospitalization, and/or surgery. Patients with SCI are therefore carefully instructed to perform regular, frequent pressure releases in order to maintain blood flow to the skin and avoid Skin Breakdown.

Yet many individuals with SCI get pressure ulcers despite diligent Pressure Release behavior, and others get pressure ulcers that don’t heal for years, said Jennifer James, MD, clinical assistant professor at the UW Department of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Prevention of Urinary Tract Infection in Persons with SCI

Published: October 3, 2003

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is the most frequent medical complication during initial medical Rehabilitation after SCI, and continues to be a common cause of morbidity throughout life. It may produce only mild-to-moderate illness that can be managed on an outpatient basis, but it has also been reported as the leading cause of rehospitalization after SCI.

Spasticity Evaluation System

Published: October 3, 2003

The Spasticity Evaluation System is based on an electromechanical method of eliciting and measuring spasticity at the ankle. The system has been used to evaluate spasticity and Contracture in SCI, TBI and CP patients. Other medical conditions with abnormal elastic and viscous ankle joint stiffness can also be evaluated.

The evaluation is performed by measuring ankle stiffness in response to applied ankle movements of various frequencies.

The Neurogenic Bowel After SCI

Published: October 3, 2003

The digestive tract is essentially a long tube that begins at the lips and ends at the anus. After food is swallowed, it moves through the esophagus to the stomach, which is basically a storage bag, and then on to the intestines or bowels, where nutrients are absorbed and waste is collected and prepared for elimination.

Post-Traumatic Syringomyelia

Published: October 3, 2003

The Norman and Sadie Lee Research Centre, Division of Neurobiology, National Institute for Medical Research, Medical Research Council, London NW7 1AA, United Kingdom

Precisely localized focal stereotaxic electrolytic lesions were made in the corticospinal tract at the level of the first to second Cervical segments in the adult rat. This consistently destroyed all central nervous tissue elements (axons, astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, microglia, and microvessels) in a highly circumscribed area.

Upper Limb Recovery in Tetraplegia

Published: October 3, 2003

Recovery of some upper limb function is common following a Cervical spinal cord injury. Patients with initial C4-level Tetraplegia often regain C5 muscle function, enabling them to eat and use a joystick hand control independently, while those with C5-level tetraplegia often regain C6 strength, making possible some independent grasp and pinch by using wrist extensor muscles and a splint.

Two factors that help predict this type of upper limb recovery have been identified. One is initial strength.

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