Because wound healing is based on both internal and external factors, wound healing is extremely complex. A good diet that includes extra protein and calories, vitamin supplements, plenty of fluids and adequate rest are important factors in the wound healing process.
Increased Drainage (Exudate)
Drainage may increase slightly during the primary stages of normal wound healing. Exudate (wound drainage) is full of proteins and fluids that aid in healing. Signs of infection include large amounts of drainage, or a foul smelling or thick, puss- like exudate. If any of these symptoms arise you should notify your doctor or nurse.
New Skin Growth (Granulation)
Granulation (new tissue growth) in the wound base is the best sign of wound healing. Granulation is light red or dark pink in color, soft to the touch, and “bumpy” in appearance. Granulation is the body’s healing mechanism for any significant wound. Granulation tissue is very delicate and must be carefully supported while the wound heals. Do not touch, scrub, or otherwise injure this delicate tissue. If left alone, the body will fill wounds of almost any size with this new growth tissue.
After the wound closes, the shiny, pale covering is referred to as a scar. Like granulation tissue, scar tissue is also very fragile and can take up to six weeks to tolerate stress or trauma of any kind. Even years after wound closure, the scar must be protected or the area will be at risk for additional breakdown.