- Make sure your wheelchair foot pedals are adjusted to the right height.
- Use a prescribed cushion on wheelchair seat.
- Sit up straight in wheelchair (slumping or slouching leads quickly to early Skin Breakdown over tailbone).
- Check feet carefully when wearing new shoes – shoes should not be too tight or too large.
- Apply support hose and Ace wrap evenly so that they don’t wrinkle and cause extra pressure.
- Keep skin clean and dry – urine allowed to stay on the skin can lead to problems.
- Use a firm (not hard) mattress, which provides support for your body. Foam mattress over regular mattress helps to spread weight a little more evenly.
- Lie Prone to keep hips stretched out. Also, this position spreads pressure more evenly and there is less chance to get sores.
- Do your wheelchair push-ups or weight shifts every 15 minutes.
- Stick to your turning schedule.
- Use lubricating cream if you have dry skin.
- Remember: even tiny shifts of position help somewhat.
- Use a rubber air ring or any kind of doughnut – they create a lot of pressure where you don’t want it, and block the flow of blood to skin inside the ring.
- Wear sanitary belts – they can lead to pressure sores.
- Wear clothing with heavy seams, nylon underwear or tight clothing.
- Put articles in pants pockets or on seat of wheelchair.
- Use alcohol on dry skin.
- Sit in bed with the head raised for long periods – this causes skin to be squeezed over the lower end of the spine and can lead to sores.
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